Worship on the Lord’s Day
10:00 am, 25 September 20222022
Online & Onsite (Mixed Presence) Gathering as a Worshipping Community
Led by the Rev Brad Childs
Music director: Binu Kapadia Vocalist: Fionna McCrostie
Elder: Gina Kottke
We gather to worship God
L: The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
P: and also with you.
Lighting of the Christ candle
Welcome and announcements
Silent preparation for worship
The Dayspring Presbyterian Church building, and the community of faith and care that gathers in that building, and online, for worship and service, acknowledges the original ownership of the land on which the church building stands by several First Nation peoples (ceded in Treaties 6, 7, and 8) and the homeland of the Métis nation.
The Dayspring Presbyterian Church Session and Staff laments the pain that has been inflicted on the land’s original peoples and the pain that has been experienced in their homelands by many people who have sought refuge here.
We deplore the fact that some Canadians continue to manifest underserved hostility towards Canada’s original dwellers and the people of the Métis nation, as well as towards recent immigrants and refugees.
A gathering of Christian, we seek to affirm a welcoming community of faith and care – supporting all those who have come to worship and serve in our midst.
May God speak to all who gather here.
May we admit the errors of our past, deal with what now is, and strive for better.
Presbyterians Sharing Sunday
Today, our service of worship celebrates the mission and ministry we do together through Presbyterians Sharing.
Through Presbyterians Sharing we join hands with Presbyterians across Canada to proclaim the good news of the gospel in Canada and around the world. Together we are helping develop innovative ministries for children and youth. Together we are equipping leaders – lay and clergy – to do effective ministry all around our globe. Together we are supporting new church developments and helping struggling congregations renew and grow their ministries. Together we are speaking out for the voiceless and supporting healing and reconciliation ministries. Presbyterians Sharing is our ministry. God accepts the gifts we give and does incredible things with them – in our communities, in our country and around the world.
Our church gives (as all Presbyterian Churches in Canada do) to Presbyterians Sharing each year. And you are also invited to give as individuals as well. But no matter what, by supporting this church you also have supported and will continue to support many, many ministries doing many many amazing things.
Presbyterian’s Sharing money goes all over the place. And we do things through Presbyterian’s Sharing that we could never do alone. We provide for HIV AID’s courses in Kenya, we help fund University Education in East Africa, help fund Zomba Theological College in Malawi as well as the Community Based Child Care Centers in that area. In Malawi we also support the Vulnerable Children Program, Bible Study Classes, 5 choirs, Women’s Help Groups, Orphanages, multiple Prayer Houses, as well as programs for people with mental and physical challenges.
In Indore, India we, You, help support the Graduate School for Nurses.
In Pakistan You support the Village Outreach Program and the Primary Education Program, Health Work Network, provide for advanced clinical placement at a Cardiac Hospital, and you help teach medical-surgical nursing who are much needed and lifesaving.
In Taiwan and China you have helped the Bible Translation Adviser develop numerous bibles and are now recording the Bible in audio format for countless individuals who cannot read, while at the same time providing teachers and classes to teach much needed reading skills.
You support the Mandarin Chinese Union Study Bible and Chungshan Medical University’s work with the poor.
In Nicaragua and El Salvador you pay the salary for Denise Van Wissen who is a nutritionist serving as a technical advisor with various agencies. You also support a group of women studying together. And you provide loans for local farmers (which have a 100% return) and you have built a school.
You provide for 25 different agencies in Central America and the Caribbean.
You work with missionaries in Ukraine and Hungary, Moldova, and Romania.
You support short term mission is in Ghana, Malawi, and to the International AIDS conference in Washington DC.
And more locally you help churches in our own Presbytery like Yorkton and Dunleth as they slowing move to be fully self-sufficient. You fund special project congregations in Canada like St. Matthews in Nova Scotia, the Nova Scotia Halifax Korean Mission, St Andrew’s in Inverness, Quebec, Sherbrooke, Montréal, Rockland, Toronto, Neepawa, Thompson and Cariboo BC.
You help provide Chaplaincies like the one at the University of Calgary.
You fund Inner city Missions like Tyndale St Georges, Stonegate, Flemington Gateway Mission, Boarding Homes, and St. David’s in Hamilton.
You help fun refugee programs like Action Montreal and Native missions like one in Kenora, and The Winnipeg Inner City Mission, Edmonton Urban Native Ministries, Caribou House, Hummingbird Ministries in BC as well as Saskatoon’s Native Circle and our Mistawasis Memorial Church on the Mistawasis Reserve, as well as countless other pr0grams.
You – should feel proud to by Presbyterian… proud of every dollar you give.
When you give to Dayspring Presbyterian Church, give to the National Office or give directly to Presbyterian’s Sharing you do amazing things.
Thank you, all of you.
Call to Worship
L: The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
P: And also with you.
L: Happy are those whose hope is in God.
P: Our God upholds the cause of the oppressed and gives food to the hungry.
L: The Lord cares for the stranger and sustains the widow and the orphan.
P: Our God loves the righteous; we will exalt the Lord as long as we live.
L: We will sing praises to our God while we have being.
P: Let us worship God together.
Opening praise: Forever God is faithful
Prayers of approach and confession
Praise to you, Creator and sustainer of all life; by you all things are made and in you all things are made perfect.
Praise to you, Jesus Christ for in your life we have a pattern for living.
You are the symbol of goodness, the fullness of wisdom, God made flesh.
Praise to you, Holy Spirit for you are our comforter and guide, the healer and transformer of all things.
Praise to you, Creator, Christ, and Spirit, one God now and forever.
We will always praise you. But Lord we will not always do so perfectly.
And so our God of mercy, we come before you and we confess to you our failures to return the love and trust you have bestowed on us. When we are called upon to be faithful to you and to act as disciples of Jesus, we shy away, taking a less demanding path. At times we avoid what makes us uncomfortable or requires something of us more unexpected.
You tell us not to be afraid, but we allow our fear to govern our actions and we worry far too much about what we will wear or eat or do for fun. You call us to worship you alone, but we are enticed by the gods and forces of culture. Rather than seeking out your ways, far too often we simply project what we think on to you instead. Lord Forgive us, and draw us close to you once again, that we might be renewed and at peace. Show us our errors and help us not to repeat them. Amen.
Response: O come to the altar
Assurance of God’s forgiveness
The good news is that Christ calls us to new life and enables us to begin again … and again and again. Friends, believe the good news of the gospel; in Jesus Christ we are forgiven, loved and free! Amen.
We listen for the voice of God
Gradual: Jesus loves me (373)
Learning a song: My Lighthouse
The Lord’s Prayer (535 or 469)
Scripture readings: Psalm 146:1; I Timothy 6:1-19; Luke 7:19-31
Response: Glory to the Father ( 684)
The Story of The Rich Man and Lazarus is extremely interesting. And quite frankly it’s more than a little complicated.
For example… up until the end of the Middle Ages it was pretty much just assumed that Jesus was presenting a biographical sketch of a real person suffering in Hell. Poke around on the internet for just a couple of minutes and you’ll see that this is still the most prevalent view among many ministers today. Type in “The Rich Man and Lazarus” and you’re bound to find Sermons with titles like “Too little too late”, “Beat the Heat” and “Four Things You Should Know About Hell.”
In more recent history however (and as far as most academics are concerned) the story is generally thought to be a parable just like many others of Jesus. But it is worth noting that the people that say it’s a biography about a real person in Hell are not without some good points. See, if it is a parable than it’s the only parable in the entire bible where a parabolic character is given a specific name. In every other case when Jesus presents a parable, he says things like “a certain man was” or he describes a title like when he says “a sower was out sowing when” or “a certain servant came to his master”. In other words, if the Rich Man and Lazarus is a parable, then there is something very odd about it.
Now, parables in fact are always odd. When the apostles ask Jesus why he speaks in Parables he tells that that he does it for just that very reason… because they are confusing. Parables also contain very strange exaggerations and elements that confounded the original audiences.
Like the parable of the Prodigal Son which has a rich man running (something he was culturally restricted from doing) to give his son a new ring and staff (which if you know what those things symbolize, well… he just wouldn’t do). Or there is the parable of the Sower where a farmer plants his seeds “on the rocks”… or the parable of the fig tree where the tree is cursed for not growing figs when they aren’t in season… or the Parable of the Good Samaritan talking about a Samaritan being good when at the time they didn’t believe such a thing existed.
There are other oddities too of course: like – a master wouldn’t pay workers all the same salaries regardless of when they started working… it would actually be wise for a farmer with a large yield to build more barns… mustard seeds don’t grow into trees… and on and on and on. Parables are all a little weird. And so, the fact that weird things are happening in the story of the Rich Man and Lazarus (I think) make it more likely that it is a parable despite the fact that Lazarus has a name.
But what’s so weird about it? Well for example: The Rich Man dies and goes to Hades (not Hell by the way but to Hades which is different and was thought to be a waiting place where good and bad go alike – sort of like Sheol in the Hebrew Bible) and there he “looks up” and sees Abraham. Now you gotta ask yourself. How exactly (if this is a biography) does The Rich Man know that the guy he is seeing is Abraham? How does he know that this guy… the founding father of the Jewish faith… who at the time of Jesus had already been dead for 2000 years mind you… how does he know… that this is him… how does he know what Abraham looked like?
You gotta ask yourself… (if this is a biography) why, if The Rich Man is in torment in Hades, does he think a tiny little drop of water is gonna make things better? You gotta ask yourself (if this is biography) why in verse 26 after The Rich Man asks for a drop of water, does Abraham reply that he can’t give him any saying “between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot” as if people would really want to cross over from the happy side of the gulf; over to the torment side for a little change of scenery.
You gotta ask yourself, (if this is biography) is Abraham really correct or would maybe one or two out of the five brothers maybe heed the warning (that The Rich Man asks for) if Lazarus really did literally raise up from the dead and go give them a talking to?
You see, the story of The Rich Man and Lazarus is extremely interesting. And quite frankly it’s more than a little complicated.
And it’s not just the oddities of the story in and of themselves that are complicated. There’s also the complexity of the multiple listeners. See, this story comes from just one place. It’s only found in the gospel of Luke (who has a particular audience). And so when Luke tells this story, he tells it, long after the crucifixion, to a group of people (some of whom believe in the risen Jesus Christ and some of whom do not). And when he tells the story he groups it together with a bunch of other teachings on how we are to deal with the poor and the marginalized. And so for Luke the story has a particular context within his own book.
But Luke is merely recalling a story that Jesus told. When Jesus first told the story he had a different audience?
Some, like theologian John Lightfoot argue that the story is a unique parable in that it’s (according to him) not a parable by Jesus but rather a parable by Luke; about Jesus believing that it is meant to say that the Pharisees and other religious teachers wouldn’t even believe Jesus was the Messiah even after Jesus’ friend (a different person named Lazarus of Bethany by the way) was raised from the dead right before them. For him Luke is telling a story that explains to his followers why many other religious Jews rejected Jesus.
Similarly theologian Johhan Sepp has an interesting argument. He says that The Rich Man and Lazarus is a satirical parable by Jesus whose audience included the Sadducees whom he claims Jesus is specifically confronting. He notes three “proofs” for why the whole point of this parable is to refute the Sadducees. (1) First he says that in the story The Rich Man wears “purple and fine linen” (which is oddly enough exactly what the Sadducees wore). By the way just as a little side note here – when the Bible uses the words “fine linen” when speaking about religious leaders, it is literally referring to their “underpants” which were worn by a select group of people so that the Lord would not see “their nakedness” when climbing the steps of the temple or maintaining the Temple furniture. Specifically the Sadducees wore fancy purple underwear with gold, pink and red embroidery.
(2) In the story The Rich Man makes a reference to “five brothers in my father’s house” which Sepp argues to be an allusion to the five sons of Annas who served as the high priests. & (3) Abraham’s statement in the parable that “they” would not believe even if he raised Lazarus from the dead. Here Sepp points out that in John it says that after Lazarus of Bethany was raised from the dead – the Sadducees at Bethany “made plans to put Lazarus to death” (John 12:10) in order to hide the miracle. For Sepp the whole thing is a rebuttal for why the Sadducees rejected Christ.
So that’s it then. The parable is actually about how the Sadducees rejected Jesus and wouldn’t believe?
But then again maybe not.
See Luke is the only one that tells this story about The Rich Man and Lazarus. And Luke doesn’t include the story of Lazarus of Bethany in his gospel. If Luke told that story of Lazarus of Bethany just before this story about The Rich Man and Lazarus then Sepp’s argument would make perfect sense and we’d all know exactly what this parable is about.
But he doesn’t tell it just before. In fact, he doesn’t tell it at all. And in all likelihood Luke wasn’t even aware that it had ever happened at all. And more to the point if the whole theme of the story is to say that the Sadducees will never believe Jesus is the Messiah, then why would Jesus (or Luke for that matter) bother with all this information about one man being rich and one man being poor and so on? It just wouldn’t make any sense. That stuff would have nothing to do with his point.
And while we’re at it – the story also can’t just be about how bad it is to be rich either. Even though The Rich Man in the story is describes as having his own personal “gate” to his home… Lazarus is describes as being the guest of honor for Abraham (who was also rich). So that can’t be it.
Another problem with Sepp’s Sadducees theory is that in Jesus’ (and/or Luke’s) story, Abraham doesn’t say, they won’t believe even if Lazarus is raised from the dead. He says, “If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead” suggesting that the point of the story has nothing to do with the other Lazarus from Bethany or even the resurrection of Jesus for that matter.
So maybe what’s really important are the little details in the story. For example: remember that in the first century the Jews did not think of dogs as pets. They were just wild animals and scavengers. So the fact that in the story they are described as licking the wounds of Lazarus has a great deal of meaning. See, it means that they are a threat to his life and not to put too fine a point on it but… it means that the dogs will literally eat Lazarus if he can’t manage to build up enough strength to ward them off.
So the point of the story can’t just be that the Rich Man is Rich it must also be that he knows for a fact that Lazarus is about to become food for the wild animals and still doesn’t care enough to do anything about it. So it can’t just be about the fact that the Rich Man is rich but rather, the fact that The Rich Man in the story ignored the 305 times in the Hebrew Bible where caring for the poor is explicitly commanded of him. And that makes sense. But…
But then why name Lazarus… Why give him a name? That makes no sense at all. I mean the Rich Man doesn’t get a name? Why is this the only parable in the Bible (if indeed it is a parable) where a character is named? And the name doesn’t seem to mean anything truly special or pertinent to the story either. Lazarus comes from Eleazar meaning “God is by Help”. It’s pretty generic really. So Why Name Him? It’s maddening!
The Story of The Rich Man and Lazarus is extremely interesting. And quite frankly it’s more than a little complicated. Or maybe not. Maybe all the stuff that theologians babble on about really just distracts us from the simple message of the story. Maybe it doesn’t really matter who Luke’s audience was or Jesus’ audience was because now – we’re the audience.
In Saskatchewan I had this wonderful retired minister from the United Church. He was so ready for mission, he left his Doctorate at the University of Edinburgh to travel the small towns of the Prairies. His name was Doug Garner. He was 93 and he made what I think is a really important point that sticks with me.
Doug pointed out that The Rich Man in the story never acknowledges Lazarus. He’s confronted with Lazarus on a daily basis but he never says a word to him. He ignores Lazarus at the gate. When Lazarus is at the table, no doubt fighting the dogs for the crumbs, The Rich Man doesn’t hand him food, but he also doesn’t yell at him or shoo him away. He doesn’t even ask his servants to get rid of Lazarus despite what would be a terrible scene to witness. He says nothing.
And even when he’s in Hades ,suffering in torment, he still refuses to acknowledge Lazarus or speak to him. Instead, he asks Abraham (who he could not possibly know) to send Lazarus (who he sees every day) back on his behalf. But he doesn’t talk to Lazarus he talks to Abraham about Lazarus. He ignores Lazarus to the very bitter end, as if he’s not even worthy of recognition. He’s in Hades and Lazarus is over on the other side of the gulf with the Patriarch of his faith and The Rich Man still thinks he’s better than Lazarus… still doesn’t say a single word to him. Even in death he learns nothing.
You know they say in counseling courses that when a married couple is fighting that – that’s actually a good sign because if you can get really mad at someone then it’s proof that you still care somewhere deep down about them. It’s often said that the worst sign isn’t a couple that fights. The worst sign is when a couple stops fighting. They give up.
It’s not anger that most threatens a marriage… it’s apathy… it’s indifference. It’s the ignoring of the other. It’s when someone stops caring so much that they don’t even dignify the other person’s basic existence. They are just there.
And that’s just it. I think that’s the central point of the parable, at least for me. I think that’s why Jesus names Lazarus. Because when he does that, he does what nobody else would, what so few of us ever do… When he does that, he puts a name and a face on poverty. It’s not just some person, it’s Lazarus (a faithful Hebrew, people saw and ignored every day).
It’s not about being rich or poor. It’s about being caring or indifferent. It’s about refusing to acknowledge the problem…. about tiptoeing around it. It’s about how we talk about people without homes or in devastated countries, like they’re statistics rather than fellow human beings… sons and daughters, Parents, someone’s grandparent or child or sibling. It’s about how de dehumanize people and ignore them.
The Story of The Rich Man and Lazarus is extremely interesting. And quite frankly it’s more than a little complicated. But it’s not just complicated because of all the little intricacies of the story. It’s complicated because it makes me feel uncomfortable… because it prods me. The story of Lazarus prods me to wonder if I am the man dressed in nice clothes; happily going about my business knowing all the while that people (real people with names and faces) are literally dying when I could probably help do something to stop it. It prods me to wonder who is the Lazarus in my life and in yours? It prods me to wonder…
Is Lazarus the person who cleans the office we work in or the place where we live? Is Lazarus the homeless in our community that we pass by at the bus stop or the way to our nice warm car after dinner out? Is Lazarus the person that comes through those doors and never hears a word from anyone? Is Lazarus the child from an abusive or neglectful home that lives just down the street or can be seen sitting on a bench at the mall while I enjoy my morning coffee?
When I go home this evening and sit down before the idiot box, the story of Lazarus will prod me to wonder if Lazarus is working for 35 cents an hour in Southeast Asia sewing the next shirt I’m going to buy to wear to work. It prods me to wonder if Lazarus is working in the factor that made the TV I’m watching while I fast forward through that commercial that asks me for a dollar a day to sponsor a starving child? It prods me to wondering how often I see Lazarus sitting at the gate to my own house, neighborhood, my church, local stores, my community. How often do I see Lazarus eying the scraps of my table or outside the restaurants I visit. And more than anything it prods me to wonder… the next time I see Lazarus… will I have the guts to put a name and face to him or will I do what the Rich Man in the story did, and just go about my business?
The story bothers me because it makes me want to be a better follower of Jesus.
What about you?
Song: Help us to accept each other (632)
We respond to serve God
Welcoming New Member: Angel Castell
Angel Castell has been baptized and is a member of the body of Christ. She has been nurtured within the Christian community and instructed in the belief and practice of the church.
In making a public profession of faith she desires to affirm her baptism and claim the rights and responsibilities associated with membership in the congregation of Dayspring Presbyterian Church.
Remember your baptism and give thanks by the water of baptism and the power of the Holy Spirit God claims us and calls each one by name. God unites us to Christ in his death and resurrection and grafts us into the body of Christ as members of the church.
God washes us clean by forgiving our sin; commissions us to be a royal priesthood with Christ in his ministry in the world; empowers us to live in the newness of life as people of the word; and invites us to be renewed at the Lord’s Table until we feast with him in glory
By grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing. It is the gift of God.
Angel, you stand before God and this great company of God’s people to affirm the covenant God made with you at your baptism to acknowledge your growth in grace and to assume responsibility as a disciple of Jesus Christ in this congregation and also the world.
Are you prepared to make a public profession of Faith?
Angel: I am ready.
Trusting in the gracious mercy of God who has been faithful to us in all generations do you turn away from sin renounce evil and all powers in the world which rebelled against God or oppose God’s rule of justice and love?
Angel: I renounce them.
Do you renounce the ways of sin which separate you from the Love of God?
Angel: I renounce them.
Do you turn to Jesus Christ accepting Him as Lord and Saviour, trusting in his grace and love?
Angel: I do.
Do you desire, in dependence on the Holy Spirit to mature as a christ in the church, to seek the guidance of Christ as listen for his Word, to celebrate his life and death at the table he provides, and to engage in his mission to the world?
Angel: I do.
Affirmation: The Apostles Creed (539)
Then now, will all the people of God, we confess the faith of the church.
Do you believe in God the Father?
I believe in God, the father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.
Do you believe in Jesus Christ?
I believe in Jesus Christ, God’s only son our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to the dead; on the third day he rose again; he ascended into heaven, he is seated at the right hand of the Father, and he will come to judge the living and the dead.
Do you believe in the Holy Spirit?
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
Thanksgiving and Intercession
Bless you most gracious God for you have given us this gift of baptism. Through water and spirit you have claimed us as your own cleansed us from sin and given us new life. You called us into your church to be your servants in the world in the name of your son. You promised to be present among us and to direct and defend your children by the power of your Holy Spirit. And now we give you thanks for your faithfulness to us and to your daughter standing here before us today who has come to renew the covenant you made with her. By the power of your spirit continue in her the good work that you have begun as she may willingly serve you in love and joy with courage and faith and truth in the name of Christ Jesus our Lord. Amen.
The Blessing and Charge
Holy Lord, defend Angel with your grace that she may daily increase in the first of your Spirit serving Christ in the world now and forevermore.
Angel, welcome to Dayspring Presbyterian Church (officially).
The Elders offer the Right Hand of Fellowship (or a hug)
Reflection on giving: We have been giving faithfully since the beginning of the pandemic and we are committed to continuing the ministry and mission that define Dayspring – using the various ways described on the screen and in Dayspring Weekly News. Thank you all for your support of our shared vision and mission. For those in the sanctuary, if you have offering envelopes with you, simply put them in the offering plate at the back of the sanctuary as you leave the service today.
God of hope, we give you our thanks for the many gifts that we enjoy. Bless these gifts we have given. May our offerings both here and in every part of our lives — our time, our talents and our money — work towards building a world filled with hope, both through the ministries of our congregation and through God’s mission carried out by what we do together.
Prayers for the People
Mighty God, we come to you in prayer, with thankful and hopeful hearts.
Merciful God, we bring before you now the cares and concerns of this congregation. (Insert your congregational prayers here.)
We also pray for our community outside these walls. (Insert community prayers here.)
Compassionate God, we ask for mercy and healing for all those people we do not know who are in need of hope. Help us be vessels of your love, sharing hope in many ways.
We thank you for the fellowship of the church, The Presbyterian Church in Canada, and for the many congregations that are a part of it. May we reflect, through word and action, the love of God that we know in Jesus Christ.
We pray for the mission and ministries we support through Presbyterians Sharing.
We pray for international mission staff and partners around the world who are working to share the good news of God’s kingdom of love and justice.
We pray for the work we are doing together to build and support congregations in Canada. We pray for regional staff and those at the national church offices who support congregations, presbyteries and synods in their various ministries. Give them wisdom and energy to do the tasks set before them. We pray for our congregations, that you grant them energy, wisdom and compassion as they seek to follow you.
We remember before you the ministries in our inner-cities and rural and remote regions and the ministries that care for native people, refugees and others. We pray that your love may shine through them.
Bless those who are speaking out for the voiceless and seeking justice. We pray that the healing and reconciliation work of our church will help people experience your peace and love and build good relations between aboriginal and non-aboriginal people.
We pray for the students, faculty and staff at our theological colleges — Knox College in Toronto, Presbyterian College in Montreal and St. Andrew’s Hall and Vancouver School of Theology in Vancouver. We pray that you will use them to equip our church in an ever-changing world.
O God, for the joy of participating in the transforming work of Jesus Christ and for the ability to share in building a future with hope, we give you thanks. We offer these prayers in the name of Jesus. AMEN.
Song: I’m gonna live so God can use me (648)
Sending out with God’s blessing
God sends each of us out into the world around us to serve and be served, remembering that together we are the body of Christ. May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ that daily renews us, and the love of God that enables us to love all others, and the community of the Holy Spirit that binds us together in one body be with you: today, tomorrow, and forever. Amen.
Response: Go forth into the world
Numbers in brackets after a song/hymn indicate that it is from the 1997 Book of Praise of the Presbyterian Church in Canada. Those and other songs are being used in accordance with the specifications of Dayspring licensing with One Licence (3095377 and CLC (A735555).
The Liturgy for welcoming new members is based on the Book of Common Worship (PCC, 1991).
The Rev. Brad Childs retains the copyright (© 2022) on all original material presented by him. As far as Brad Childs is aware, all of the material presented that has not been attributed to others is his own creation or is in the public domain. Unacknowledged use of copyrighted material is unintentional and will be corrected immediately upon notification being received.